Friday, March 15, 2019

Proposal for a Canadian-based GaiaHope Eco-Prize and Eco-Lottery


Do you think our city and other governments have climate change policies that really really really enthuse citizens? 

Do you think that our governments would be glad to have at least one policy to combat global warming that does indeed entice thousands of ordinary people to take active steps to reduce global warming?

Think again! 

I came up with the idea of having one of our major cities or a province or the federal government launch a global Eco-Nobel Prize, coupled with a global Eco-Lottery to fund the prizes and CO2 reducing projects, and offered it to them.

There were no takers.

If you think you can persuade any person in any level of government in Canada to adopt the idea, feel free to refer this to them and turn them loose!

And may the world be saved.

The full details of the idea are set out in my unsuccessful proposal to the City of Vancouver, copied below.


PROPOSAL
FOR THE CITY OF VANCOUVER
TO ESTABLISH
AN INTERNATIONAL ECO-PRIZE & ECO-LOTTERY


PART ONE

  1. Empowerment of The Many:

In 1992 the Union of Concerned Scientists penned a World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity and sent copies to governmental leaders all over the world. The second warning in 2017 showed that little progress had been made.
The 1992 Warning stated that a new ethic was required to protect the fragile earth, and continued:

This ethic must motivate a great movement, convincing reluctant leaders and reluctant governments and reluctant peoples themselves to effect the needed changes. The scientists issuing this warning hope that our message will reach and affect people everywhere. We need the help of many.

It concluded:

We require the help of the world’s peoples. We call on all to join us in this task.

If the Proposal set out in this document is adopted by many major cities, it will help do what the 1992 Warning aimed at:
Creating a groundswell of organized grassroots efforts, exerting pressure on political leaders at all levels to do the right thing.
The essence of the GaiaHope Proposal is wide stakeholder engagement throughout the world in combatting global warming.
Because the Proposal is so personal for people, it will help them reduce their personal emissions, by changing their individual behaviours.
This Proposal provides:
  • for the use of the performance measurement of steps taken to combat climate change,
and
  • for actionable feedback from the citizens of the participating countries.

  1. Summary of the GaiaHope Eco-Prize & Eco-Lottery Concept:


The proposal is for Vancouver to be the home
of the eco-Nobel Prize of the world
and
to use people power worldwide
to reduce global warming in cities
using funds from an international eco-lottery.



PART TWO
  1. Names of the eco-lottery and eco-prize:
 As Gaia is the personification of the Earth, one possible name for the eco-prize could be the GaiaHope Eco-Prize, and the GaiaHope Eco-Lottery. The Sponsors will choose the final names.
  Sponsors of the Eco-Prize and Eco-Lottery:
 The Proposal calls for the establishment, by the City of Vancouver and/or other organizations in B.C. (the “Sponsors”), of an eco-lottery and eco-prize.
This will be done in phases:
  • starting in Vancouver,
  • then, or at the same time, in major cities in other provinces of Canada,
  • followed by selected American cities, and
  • then including major cities in other nations worldwide.
The Sponsors would establish and administer the GaiaHope Eco-Lottery and the GaiaHope Eco-Prize.

  1. Funding of Prizes & Use of Lottery Proceeds:
The GaiaHope Eco-Lottery will initially be funded by the Sponsors.
Once established, the GaiaHope Eco-Lottery would be self-funding from the proceeds of lottery tickets sold in the participating cities.
Lottery proceeds would be used for 3 main purposes:
1.      Prizes
To fund the awarding of the new annual international GaiaHope Eco-Prizes, modelled on the famous Nobel Prizes; the winners in various categories will also receive city eco-prizes.

2.     Performance Measuring service
 To reduce greenhouse gases by establishing the YouRateThem internet service:
o   This will set objective performance criteria to measure steps taken to combat global warming; and
o   This lets people all over the world rate, in a fair and objective way, their own efforts and the efforts of their own towns and cities to reduce emissions of these gases.

3.     Greenhouse Gas Reduction Industries

To directly fund greenhouse gas reduction industries (Emission Reduction Projects) in each participating city.

  1. Participating Cities share of the Eco-Lottery proceeds:

After deduction of:

                 i.          the Sponsors’ operating costs (incurred in financing the phased development and ongoing operation of the international GaiaHope Eco-Prize and GaiaHope Eco-Lottery), and
               ii.          of the international GaiaHope Eco-Prizes,

the balance of the lottery proceeds would be shared between the City of Vancouver and each participating city (the "Participants").

The Participants would use their share to pay:
a)    their own operating costs,
b)    to award their own city eco-prizes to their own YouRateThem winners, and
c)     for other purposes related to Emission Reduction Projects in their own cities. 

 Geographic Scope of the Eco-Lottery:
 Lottery sales will take place in all participating cities.

  1. Competitive advantages of the GaiaHope Eco-Lottery:
 The GaiaHope Eco-Lottery probably would have:
o   payout ratios similar to other major lotteries, of around 50% of each dollar of gross sales paid to winners as prizes,
o   with operating expenses then deducted from the other 50%, and
o   the balance transferred to lottery-funded programs (this balance for US state lotteries is currently around 32%).
The GaiaHope Eco-Lottery should be able to differentiate itself from other lotteries in the world because:
o   it is designed solely for funding the new GaiaHope Eco-Prize and for the reduction of global warming; and
o   it will be a worldwide lottery, linking many cities in many countries together under the banner of the GaiaHope Eco-Lottery.

 PART THREE

  1. Details of the GaiaHope Eco-Prize and GaiaHope Eco-Lottery:

The GaiaHope International Eco-Prize will be modeled on the Nobel Prizes.

The GaiaHope Prizes (both international and city prizes) would be recognition of those who have fought our common enemy: global warming.

  1. Types of Eco-Prizes:

GaiaHope Eco-Prizes will consist of two categories:

  • the major prizes (the GaiaHope International Eco-Prizes), and
  • the smaller prizes (the GaiaHope City Eco-Prizes).

The GaiaHope International Eco-Prizes will be similar to the Nobel Prizes, with respect to the amounts, nomination process and selection process.

The GaiaHope City Eco-Prizes will be for smaller dollar amounts, and will be selected through a nomination and selection process in each city participating in the GaiaHope project.

  1. Awarding of the GaiaHope International Eco-Prizes:

Annual awards of the GaiaHope International Eco-Prizes will be made at the Award Ceremony in Vancouver.

The person(s) awarding the GaiaHope International Eco-Prize would be the Mayor of Vancouver, and others selected by the Sponsors.

The Sponsors will decide on the number and method of selection of the members of the  nomination and selection committees for the GaiaHope International Eco-Prize.

Persons from any country in the world may be nominated for these GaiaHope  International Eco-Prizes. Nominations would not be limited to persons resident in the Participating Cities.

The selection of recipients of prizes and granting of such prizes will take place in Vancouver.

The stages of nomination and selection will be based on the stages used by the Nobel Prize, where appropriate.

GaiaHope International Eco-Prizes will be awarded to more than one person each year, instead of being restricted to only one winner in each category of prize. The intention will be to encourage more people to take steps to reduce global warming, by having a larger number of prizes.

Each GaiaHope International Eco-Prize will consist of a gold medal, a diploma and a monetary award.

The monetary award for the major GaiaHope International Eco-Prizes will be equal to or larger than the current Nobel Prizes (of some US$1 million each).

The gold medals will be engraved with symbols chosen by the Sponsors, and will be representative of the GaiaHope Eco-Prize concept.

  1. Awarding of the GaiaHope City Eco-Prizes:

A process similar to the GaiaHope International Eco-Prizes will be used, including the award of medals.

Prizes will be for smaller dollar amounts (ranging from $25,000 to $500,000).

Many more prizes will be awarded under the GaiaHope City Eco-Prize program than under the GaiaHope International Eco-Prize program (so as to encourage people to participate in the reduction of greenhouse gases).

Awards will be made in each Participant city, with Vancouver representative(s) in the nomination and selection committees of each Participant city chosen by the Sponsors, and other members selected by the GaiaHope Committee of each such participating city.

Awards will be made in all participating cities on the same day, one month before the GaiaHope International Eco-Prizes are awarded (to create buzz).

Winners of GaiaHope City Eco-Prizes will be selected only from nominees resident in the respective participating cities.

For example, the San Francisco winners will be nominated according to the procedures established by the San Francisco GaiaHope Committee, and must be residents of San Francisco.

If a group is chosen as the recipient of a city eco-prize, the majority of the members of the group must be resident in that city.

Nominations and/or selections of candidates/recipients for the GaiaHope City Eco-Prizes will also involve nominations and/or selections using the YouRateThem program which the Sponsors will be establishing.

This will enable ordinary people resident in participating cities to have some input in the nomination and/or selection of candidates for the various GaiaHope City Eco-Prizes.

With the approval of the Vancouver Sponsors, cities in any state or country may join together to offer a combined GaiaHope City Eco-Prize.

  1. Other Prizes:
 The other prizes will be for smaller amounts, and will include wherever possible prizes relating to environmental protection.
Such prizes may be targeted at different market segments of potential lottery ticket purchasers.
These could include:
o   paid vacations in the participating cities, including sustainable tourism. Holidays could include multiple year holidays, and could be gifted by the winners to others, including to charities;
o   environmental tours;
o   bursaries for students wishing to study environmental subjects at universities;
o   and exchange-programs with other cities for students selected on the basis of environmental quizzes and other factors.

Other prizes could be offered as well, such as those offered by other major lotteries.
Random prizes may also be awarded to participants in the YouRateThem program.
Members of the Order of GaiaHope (see below) will be awarded additional prizes if they win any Eco-Lottery prize, upon proof of membership in the Order.

PART FOUR

  1. The YouRateThem program:

This will be an Internet-based set of programs, one for each specific participating city, and will be designed by the Sponsors and provided to each participating City GaiaHope Committee.

The program will allow residents of each such city to nominate individuals resident in the city, or subunits of the administration of such city, for City Eco-Prizes.

This would widen the recipients in a city from individuals resident in the city, to borough councils or other such units (such as the West End of Vancouver, for example).  The aim would be to create competition amongst such subunits.

Such nominations will be based on verifiable steps taken by the nominated persons (or subunits) to reduce their respective personal or total subunit emission of greenhouse gases during the preceding year.

If a subunit of a city is awarded a prize, the financial award will be used by that subunit  as it deems best.

The YouRateThem program will be one of the main drivers of change in the GaiaHope eco-project and will target the harnessing of 'people power' in many cities in the fight against global warming.

Once the YouRateThem program is firmly established in several major cities, it could be expanded in a second phase to add another countrywide or international level of competition.

This would be between individual cities in different countries (say, between Rome, Chicago and Manchester, or between cities of similar sizes), and/or between cities in one specific country.

An additional set of Eco-Prizes will be awarded to those within such categories who reduce their emissions the most (on a per capita basis).

The Vancouver Sponsors would play a major role in developing the YouRateThem software, and the software needed to measure and monitor the emissions of individuals, cities and subunits of cities, to ensure accuracy and comparability.

The costs of development and operation would be deducted from the gross sales receipts of eco-lottery tickets.



PART FIVE

How the Eco-Lottery Funds are Used:

The establishment and operation of each such lottery may be done either by the Sponsors and the participating Cities, or in conjunction with existing lottery system suppliers (such as EuroMillions, Eurojackpot, the Viking Lottery, or other similar lotteries).
 The sales proceeds of lottery tickets will be applied firstly to the payment of operating costs, and then to the payments of prizes to winners of the GaiaHope International Eco-Prizes and GaiaHope Country Eco-Prizes.
Any remaining funds (the "Surplus") will be dedicated to the funding of projects designed to reduce global warming (the "Emission Reduction Projects").
The Surplus will be split between Vancouver and each Participant on an agreed basis.
Vancouver will receive two amounts: one to fund Emission Reduction Projects worldwide on behalf of all Participants, and the other its share of the balance that is split between all Participating cities.
Due consideration will be given in determining such city split to the relative absolute amounts raised by lottery ticket sales in each Participating city, and/or the lottery sales per capita of each Participating city. The bigger the sales in a city, the bigger the share of that city.
Vancouver (advised by the Sponsors) will use its share of the Surplus to fund Emission Reduction Projects:
(i)             inside Vancouver, and
(ii)           in any other part of B.C. or Canada, or the world, including in countries which do not have any Participating cities.

The balance of the Surplus may be used by each Participating city to fund Emission Reduction Projects within that city.
The allocation of the Surplus to the Emission Reduction Projects will be done with the assistance provided to the Sponsors and the Participating cities by appropriate advisors and committees chosen by them for this purpose.
Vancouver, if it wishes, could allocate a portion of the funds coming to it from its share of the GaiaHope Eco-Lottery sales, to the building of energy efficient and affordable housing.
Later Mega Prizes:
As the first worldwide eco-lottery grows in acceptance, the GaiaHope Eco-Lottery will enable Vancouver and the Participants to provide for the payment of several Mega Prizes (of several hundred million) each year to winners selected from all Participating cities, further increasing the attraction of the eco-lottery.

PART SIX
The Order of GaiaHope:
  1. Establishment and Funding of the Order of GaiaHope

The Order of GaiaHope will be established by the Sponsors as part of the GaiaHope program, and will be funded from the GaiaHope Eco-Lottery proceeds.

  1. Membership of the Order of GaiaHope
 The Order will be an international association dedicated to reducing global warming, and will be open to membership by anyone from any country.

All Eco-Lottery winners become honorary members of the Order of GaiaHope.

  1. Objectives of the Order of GaiaHope
 A primary objective of the Order will be to assist ordinary people in taking personal steps to reduce their own emissions of greenhouse gases, and to encourage others (including their own cities and states) to do so as well.

GaiaHope can be expected to change the behaviour of participating individuals through enhanced knowledge, for example, of food wastage (one-third of food produced is not consumed), and the energy consumed to raise different kinds of animals for human consumption (beef being the most climate-damaging of all foods: each kilogram of beef produces five times more CO2 emissions than chicken or turkey meat).

  1. Newsletter and Best Practices
 Best practices in combating global warming will be captured and promoted to all members of the Order of GaiaHope.

The Order will have an electronic newsletter, which would help in sharing best practices.

Participants will be made aware of voluntary climate change initiatives such as the Cities for Climate Protection (CCP) program (Vancouver joined it in 2001), and of the role citizens can play as part of this program.

Participants in GaiaHope will be encouraged to dip into Climathon to see whether they can gather ideas for helping their own towns, cities and state to act on climate change. Climathon allows cities to identify their climate challenges and to call on their citizens to come up with innovative grassroots solutions during their annual 24-hour hackathons.



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